House of Windsor continue to set new records for British monarchy

Source: Xinhua| 2017-09-10 18:33:58|Editor: Yurou
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LONDON, Sept. 10 (Xinhua) -- Queen Elizabeth is already the longest serving monarch in the British history, and this weekend her son Prince Charles reached another milestone for the royal family.

The heir to the British throne is now the longest serving Prince of Wales since the post was established in 1,301.

The milestone passed without any pomp and ceremony, in the same way Queen Elizabeth marked her special day with just an ordinary working day.

The title Prince of Wales is traditionally granted by a reigning monarch to his or her eldest son.

Prince Charles has now overtaken King Edward VII who served as Prince of Wales for over 59 years before becoming king on the death of his mother Queen Victoria in 1901.

On Saturday Prince Charles took the title from his great, great uncle when his record reached 59 years, one month and 15 days. The eldest son of Queen Victoria had only been one month old when he was named as Prince of Wales.

Charles will keep the title until he succeeds his mother as monarch, and if the tradition continues, the title would then go to his oldest son Prince William, currently second in line to the British throne.

Queen Elizabeth gave the title to her son on July 26, 1958, but his coronation was not held until July 1969. In a televised crowning ceremony at Caernarfon Castle in North Wales, the British monarch invested her son with the title amid pomp and ceremony.

The ceremony went ahead despite an attempted plot on the eve of the coronation when two Welsh nationalist campaigners were killed while placing a bomb outside government offices in the North Wales town of Abergele. A "Free Wales" movement was active at the time, with supporters opposed to an "English" Prince of Wales.

Historians and academic still engage in lively debates about the title.

In a media interview to mark Charles' new record, historian Dr Martin Johnes from Swansea University acknowledged Charles' role in Wales had at times been controversial.

He said: "Charles has not always had the easiest relationship with Wales. His investiture in 1969 was very controversial and the occasion of a bombing operation. It was felt to be a symbol of the oppression and conquest of Wales."

"Charles is very much a British figure rather than a Welsh one," added Johnes.

Celebrated Welsh writer and historian, Professor Peter Stead, told local media the prince has faced both frustration and achievement over the decades, adding he thinks Wales should delight in its "rather eccentric" prince.

"Charles, I believe, is ideally suited to the task of helping us to break out of the box-like rigidity that can overtake the politics of a small nation," said Stead.

The first royal prince to be given the title was Edward of Caernarfon, the future King Edward II, was invested as Prince of Wales in 1301. Prince Charles is the 21st eldest son to be made Prince of Wales, a title that in its entire history has only be held by two Welshmen.

Prince Charles is already the longest serving heir-apparent in British history, and the House of Windsor will continue to set new records.

If and when Prince Charles succeeds his mother to become king, he would become the oldest ever person to become monarch, Already aged 68, the current holder is King William IV who was aged 64 when he became king in 1830.

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