Yearender: Commitment to running of country by people a strength of China's governance system

Source: Xinhua| 2019-12-27 18:04:19|Editor: Shi Yinglun
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BEIJING, Dec. 27 (Xinhua) -- Yang Jinlong, 25, is a skilled automotive refinisher in east China's Zhejiang Province.

He started his career in the trade at 15. Years of hard training gave him the ability to win a gold medal in the WorldSkills Competition in 2015. After that, he became a trainer at Hangzhou Technician Institute.

But Yang has another role to play. He is one of the nearly 3,000 deputies to the National People's Congress (NPC), China's top legislature.

As a grassroots NPC deputy, Yang has done a lot of research in the field of skilled labor, identified issues that need to be addressed, and brought them to the NPC as proposals and suggestions.

He said many preferential policies were issued in recent years to attract technicians in cities, giving them higher salaries and stock options, and the working environment in car dealerships, workshops and repair factories has significantly improved.

However, Yang admitted there is much more to do to address the shortage of highly skilled workers.

Attending the annual legislative session in Beijing this March, he raised a set of suggestions to address the problem, such as enhancing the connection between schools and factories.

China's NPC is composed of deputies like Yang who pool public opinions, turn them into suggestions, and push for the promulgation and implementation of key state policies.

The organs through which the people exercise state power are the NPC and the local people's congresses at all levels.

The system of people's congresses is China's fundamental political system which upholds the organic unity of Party leadership, the running of the country by the people, and law-based governance.

NPC deputy Cheng Ju has been focusing her efforts on poverty alleviation.

China said it will eradicate absolute poverty by 2020. To fulfill the mission, various supporting policies have been introduced. However, Cheng found that the communication of these policies was an issue.

"Many people are not familiar with them," she said.

In 2014, Cheng quit her city job to return to her rural home in central China's Hubei Province. She was later elected as Party secretary of Dashi Village and led fellow villagers in shaking off poverty.

She contacted a sanitary napkin manufacturer and started a supplier workshop in the village. She called it a "poverty alleviation workshop," which provides jobs to those who cannot migrate to big cities to work.

As a deputy, Cheng brought suggestions to the top legislature on how to encourage more people to start businesses in villages.

In March, the second session of the 13th NPC collected 8,160 pieces of suggestions from deputies. All had been handled and responded to, said Xin Chunying, deputy secretary-general of the NPC Standing Committee, in late December.

Focal issues include risk prevention, poverty alleviation, pollution control, urban-rural integrated development and the rural vitalization strategy, said Xin.

Problems raised in over 70 percent of the total suggestions submitted by deputies had been or are being addressed, she said.

Deputies to the people's congresses come from different regions, ethnic groups and fields, with in-depth knowledge of society. They, through institutional channels, relay the people's calls that must be answered, Xin said.

Zou Bin, 23, is a grassroots NPC deputy who started working at construction sites at the age of 16.

He understands the difficulties of migrant workers well.

"Many of my fellow workers need more support," he said. This year, Zou submitted suggestions to the NPC calling for more training programs for migrant workers and better medical insurance for those working overseas.

"I deeply feel the power of 'the running of the country by the people,'" Zou said. "I will better perform my duties on behalf of migrant workers."

"The system of people's congresses gives the fullest expression to the fundamental will and interests of the people," said Xin, adding that pooling the people's strength to the country's endeavors is key to China's success.

Commitment to the running of the country by the people is a notable strength of China's state and governance systems, says a decision of the 19th Communist Party of China Central Committee adopted at its fourth plenary session this October.

The system of people's congresses should be upheld and improved as a fundamental political system, it says.