HAVANA, Jan. 3 (Xinhua) -- Cuba's infant mortality rate in 2019 is among the lowest in Latin America, though it rose slightly compared to 2018, local media reported on Friday.
Cuba ended the year with a mortality rate of five infants under the age of one per 1,000 live births, state daily Granma said, citing a report from the Health Ministry.
The figure ranks Cuba among the world's top 35 countries with the lowest infant mortality and among the top in Latin America, according to preliminary data from the ministry.
Last year, 109,707 children were born in Cuba, or 6,626 fewer than the year before, said the ministry.
But Noemi Causa, a ministry official, said the results of 2019 were affected by complications linked to premature births and intrauterine growth retardation.
In 2018, Cuba reported an infant mortality rate of 4 per 1,000 live births, the lowest in its history.
The infant mortality rate due to congenital malformations in 2019 remained at 0.8 deaths per 1,000 live births for the third consecutive year.
Cuba also reported no maternal deaths in 2019 due to postpartum hemorrhage, the official said.
Causa said the child survival rate until the age of five is 99.3 percent. The island has maintained this index at over 99 percent for two decades.