-- Xi Jinping, general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, on Thursday said that China has accomplished its poverty alleviation target for the new era on schedule and achieved a significant victory that has impressed the world.
-- Over the past 40-plus years of reform and opening-up, more than 700 million people in China have been lifted out of poverty -- more than 70 percent of the global reduction in poverty.
-- The country's poverty reduction success has been lauded by UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, who called the achievements "very strong."
-- The significant victory in poverty alleviation has provided a solid foundation for China to achieve its first centenary goal and has greatly enhanced the people's sense of improvement, happiness and safety, Xi said.
Workers collect mushrooms in Daozhen County of Zunyi, southwest China's Guizhou Province, March 25, 2020. (Xinhua/Yang Wenbin)
BEIJING, Dec. 4 (Xinhua) -- Xi Jinping, general secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, on Thursday said that China has accomplished its poverty alleviation target for the new era on schedule and achieved a significant victory that has impressed the world.
Through eight years of sustained work, China has lifted its entire population of rural impoverished residents under the current income standard out of poverty, and nearly 100 million poor people have shaken off poverty, Xi said while presiding over a meeting of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee.
China has removed all poor counties from its poverty list, and eradicated absolute and regional poverty, said Xi.
Aerial photo taken on June 17, 2020 shows the Tuanshan resettlement site in Songtao Miao Autonomous County, southwest China's Guizhou Province. (Xinhua/Yang Ying)
GLOBAL CHAMPION OF POVERTY REDUCTION
Since the beginning of reform and opening-up in 1978, China has been adjusting the standard for absolute poverty to keep it in line with the country's social and economic development.
The current rural poverty line is 2,300 yuan (351.1 U.S. dollars) per person annually at the 2010 price level. The specific figure is subject to adjustment as the country's price levels change.
The CPC Central Committee has moved poverty alleviation to a more prominent position since the 18th CPC National Congress, adopted significant original and specialized measures, and fought the largest and most vigorous battle against poverty in history.
The nation's impoverished population was reduced from 98.99 million at the end of 2012 to 16.6 million at the end of 2018, reducing the proportion of poor people across the country from 10.2 percent in 2012 to 1.7 percent in 2018.
In 2019 alone, the country lifted 11.09 million people out of poverty.
Southwest China's Guizhou Province announced last week that its remaining nine impoverished counties had been lifted out of absolute poverty, meaning all registered impoverished counties in the world's most populous country have shaken off poverty.
A sales assistant (L) and a resident relocated from poverty-stricken area observe a batik product at a batik workshop in Danzhai County of Guizhou Province in southwest China, Dec. 1, 2020. (Xinhua/Yang Ying)
Over the past 40-plus years of reform and opening-up, more than 700 million people in China have been lifted out of poverty -- more than 70 percent of the global reduction in poverty.
The country's poverty reduction success has been lauded by UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, who called the achievements "very strong."
INNOVATIVE POVERTY-ALLEVIATION STRATEGIES
To achieve the goal of eliminating extreme poverty in rural areas by the end of 2020, China is carrying out a basic strategy of targeted approach, which requires officials at all levels to identify impoverished individuals and the factors that led to their poverty.
Each household or individual is given a tailored poverty relief plan. Capable and suitable officials have been selected to guide poverty relief work at different levels.
For example, officials with business experience were sent to poverty-stricken villages, while officials with specialized industrial knowledge were sent to villages with industrial bases.
Since 2012, over 2.9 million public sector officials have been sent from cities and towns to villages to fight poverty on the frontline.
Poverty-relief official Yang Ming (R) and chief of a rural cooperative Dong Zhaobin check the growth of walnuts in Luonan County, northwest China's Shaanxi Province, Sept. 1, 2020. (Xinhua/Li Yibo)
The country is also improving the quality, efficiency and competitiveness of agriculture, carrying out rural development initiatives, and giving rural construction an important position in socialist modernization.
Meanwhile, China has strived to reduce rural poverty with technological innovations that help boost agricultural production. In the past five years, China has focused on the technical bottleneck of the agricultural industry and promoted more than 50,000 new crop varieties and technologies to increase the quality and efficiency of the agriculture industry in poor areas.
The significant victory in poverty alleviation has provided a solid foundation for China to achieve its first centenary goal and has greatly enhanced the people's sense of improvement, happiness and safety, Xi said at Thursday's meeting.
During the poverty alleviation efforts, the CPC Central Committee has upheld the principle of putting people first, and has taken ensuring a moderately prosperous society for the poor and people of all ethnic groups as both the starting point and the final goal, Xi said.
The country still faces acute problems caused by unbalanced and inadequate development, as well as the onerous tasks of consolidating and expanding poverty alleviation achievements, according to the meeting.
Efforts will be made to ensure steady employment and enhance vocational skill training for people who have been lifted out of poverty, amid moves to strengthen cooperation between the country's eastern and western regions to boost employment, according to the meeting.
Students have a training class on auto repairing at a vocational school in Xiji County, northwest China's Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, Sept. 16, 2020. The vocational school in Xiji has trained over 90,000 technical personnel, contributing a lot to local poverty relief efforts. (Xinhua/Wang Peng)
China will work to improve follow-up support for relocated people to ensure that they are able to settle down, stay employed and steadily amass wealth, according to the meeting.
At a press conference held on Wednesday, Ou Qingping, deputy director of the State Council Leading Group Office of Poverty Alleviation and Development, stressed the importance of efforts to optimize the monitoring-and-assisting mechanism to prevent people from falling back into poverty.
After winning a complete victory against poverty, the country will allow a transition period during which supportive policies and assistance for the poor will remain unchanged, with the overall stability of measures being maintained, Ou said.
(Reported by Rong Jiaojiao, Xie Jiang, Zhang Yiyi, Guo Xiaoyu and Zhang Bowen; Video editor: Zhang Qiru.)■