JOHANNESBURG, Sep. 16 (Xinhua) -- The National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD) cautioned about an increase in the number of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) which is "associated with coronavirus."
"With the ongoing pandemic, we expect to see more MIS-C cases over the next few months throughout the country. Widespread awareness and early recognition is crucial," the NICD said in a statement.
According to The Lancet medical journal, the first 23 cases of MIS-C were treated at the Red Cross War Memorial Children's and Tygerberg hospitals in Cape Town. The authors concluded that they were also expecting a rise in these cases not only in South Africa but also in other countries of Sub-Saharan Africa.
"We know that many children with MIS-C had the virus that causes COVID-19. MIS-C can be serious, even deadly," said the statement. Children diagnosed with it have presented symptoms including fever, abdominal pain, bloodshot eyes, vomiting and diarrhoea among others.
Over 50 percent of the 23 children diagnosed required to be admitted to an intensive care unit.
The NICD said MIS-C is a condition where different body parts can become inflamed, including the heart, lungs, kidneys and brain. The cause is still being investigated.
It said that MIS-C has also been added in the Notifiable Medical Conditions. This would make it easy for medical workers to alert officials about new cases of the syndrome.
The NICD said a group of paediatricians has been set up to collect information and data on the condition in the country in an effort to manage it better. Enditem