For more on this, we are joined in the studio by CCTV's Jin Yingqiao.
Q1. Presient Xi Jinping says it's a 'a major policy decision to realise the Chinese dream of a strong army'. Give us more details about the new units of the forces.
Sure Qiuyuan, well, for a quick look let's look at the badges of each of the institution and force. First, the Army Leadership Institution. Yang Yujun, spokesman for Chinese defense ministry said that forming a new headquarters for land forces, will help establish a new joint operational command system, adjust functions of organs of the Central Military Commission, and cut redundancy.
The Institution's commander Li Zuocheng is originally the commander for Chengdu Military Area, and Political Commissar Liu Leizhong is originally Political Commissar from Lanzhou Military Area. And then the Rocket Force, Yang Yuguang said it's renamed from the PLA Second Artillery Force, it will act as a core force of strategic deterrence, a strategic buttress to the country's position as a major power, and an important building block in upholding national security.
The force's commander We Feng and Political Commissar all served previously in the Second Artillery Force. And the Strategic Support Force. Mr. Yang said it's a combination of all support forces with strong strategic, fundamental and supportive importance.
Its establishment is conducive to improving the structure of the armed forces, and enhancing military support capacity. The force's commander Gao Jinzhong is originally the President of Academy of Military Sciences, and Political Commissar Liu Fulian originally served in the same capacity in the Beijing Military Area.
Q2. And tell us tell us some of the key messages of the ongoing military reform.
On Friday, the Central Military Commission released a key statement revealing the direction of that process, and stressing their determination to achieve the reforms. The key message is the strengthening of the army leadership, and the move away from its decades’ old land-centric system towards a joint command system that will upgrade the army's overall capabilities.
Key areas of the reform: Strengthening the Central Military Commission command, reorganizing the military headquarters, rezoning the 7 military commands, setting up new joint operation command systems, imposing strict discipline on the army and pushing for civil-military integration.
Guidelines for China’s military reform plans were announced in November, as President Xi Jinping vowed a “breakthrough” in the overhaul by 2020.