Vietnam becomes world's 15th most populous country

Source: Xinhua| 2019-07-11 18:51:45|Editor: Wu Qin
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HANOI, July 11 (Xinhua) -- Vietnam had over 96.2 million people as of April 1, up 10.4 million against 2009, making it the 15th most populous country in the world, according to the result of its latest national population and housing census released on Thursday.

Vietnam's population has expanded 1.14 percent annually since 2009, slower than the 1.18-percent growth rate reported in the previous census conducted in that year, the General Statistics Office said.

The number of households in the country reached nearly 26.9 million as of April 1, up 4.4 million against 2009, according to the latest census conducted in 2019. On average, each household currently has 3.5 people, down 0.3 people against 2009.

Now, 93.1 percent of households live in permanent or semi-permanent houses. The average housing area is 23.5 square meters per person, 6.8 square meters larger than 10 years ago. However, 4,800 households have no houses.

The current population includes over 48.3 million females, accounting for 50.2 percent, and more than 47.8 million males, making up 49.8 percent.

The population density currently stands at 290 people per square km, up 31 people over 2009. Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City are the two most crowded localities, with 2,398 and 4,363 people per square km respectively.

More than 33 million Vietnamese people live in urban areas, accounting for 34.4 percent of the total population, compared to over 63.1 million people or 65.6 percent living in rural areas.

The ever-married population makes up 77.5 percent of the group aged 15 or over. Up to 95.8 percent of the group are literate.