Backgrounder: Overview of Ukrainian snap parliamentary elections

Source: Xinhua| 2019-07-19 16:51:36|Editor: Shi Yinglun
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KIEV, July 19 (Xinhua) -- Ukraine will hold snap parliamentary elections on Sunday.

The elections were called under the Presidential Decree on Early Termination of Powers of the Verkhovna Rada -- parliament of Ukraine -- as well as the Appointment of Early Elections.

Both documents were signed by Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky on May 21, the next day after his inauguration.

On June 20, the Constitutional Court recognized that the presidential decree on parliament's dissolution was in line with the Constitution of Ukraine.

Under the current law, the parliamentary elections will be held on a mixed electoral system with closed party lists and a 5% threshold.

A total of 22 political parties are in the nationwide party list to run for the election. Out of the 424 seats, only 225 of them will be chosen by a nationwide party list and the remaining 199 are single-mandate seats. According to recent polls, five political parties can overcome the 5% barrier in the elections, with two more reaching a rating close to this barrier.

As some predict, Servant of the People party's high popularity can convert into 40 to 50 percent of the votes according to different polls. The other parties that have a high chance of getting into the Ukrainian parliament this Sunday are Opposition Platform - For Life, Batkivshchyna, European Solidarity and Holos.

The polls show that there is a high chance for Ukraine to obtain a first one-party-controlled government since Ukraine's independence if Zelensky's Servant of the People party wins a majority in parliament.

For that to happen the party needs to get 226 parliament seats -- 50 percent through the party lists and 50 percent through single-mandate districts.

Non-government organizations have showed significant interest in these elections. The CEC has registered over 1.7 thousands official observers from international organizations and foreign countries, compared with only 2321 foreign observers in 2014 for the previous parliamentary elections.

A total of 29.9 thousand polling stations in Ukraine and 102 in foreign countries will be opened on election day. Thirty million Ukrainians are expected to vote on Sunday.

As of July 15, reports on 4,157 illegal campaigning, bribing voters, election-related cases of hooliganism have been registered with police since the start of the electoral campaign.

While the official results of the snap parliamentary elections will be announced next week, the exit polls carried out by various organizations will start coming on Sunday night, giving a preliminary picture of Ukraine's new parliament.

The parliamentary elections set for Sunday were originally scheduled for October 27 this year.