NAIROBI, Aug. 20 (Xinhua) -- As cases of cancer rise in Kenya, agricultural lobby groups have stepped up calls for a ban on pesticides widely used in the east African nation, which have been linked to the disease.
The lobbyists on Tuesday pushed for immediate withdrawal of dozens of imported pesticides that contain active ingredients like permethrin, carbendazim and acephate said to be toxic to human health and the environment.
At least 32 percent of pesticide active ingredients that are currently registered and being sold in Kenya, according to Route to Food Initiative (RTFI), Biodiversity and Biosafety Association of Kenya, Kenya Organic Agriculture Network (KOAN) and Resources Oriented Development Initiatives, have been withdrawn from the European market, due to their serious potential impact on human and environmental health.
"Our findings show that there are 24 products in the Kenyan market, which are certainly classified as carcinogenic, meaning they have the potential to cause cancer while the same number are mutagenic, meaning these substances have the capacity to cause damaging genetic changes," Layla Liebetrau, the Project Lead of RTFI, said on Tuesday.
She added that other active ingredients in the chemicals have been proven to negatively affect hormones and show clear effects on reproduction.
In the last four years, the volumes of pesticides imported into Kenya has risen from 6,400 tonnes in 2015 to 15,600 tonnes in 2018.
"Farmers as well as consumers are directly exposed to highly toxic pesticides. Withdrawing these products from the market will reduce their availability to farmers and would be an urgent and significant step in trying to reduce the adverse effects pesticides pose to our health and food safety," said Eustace Kiarii, CEO of the KOAN.
"The assumptions, such as 'safe use' and labelling, that inform whether a pesticide is registered in Europe is different in Kenya which may lead to higher exposure risk for farmers, consumers and the environment, "he added.
According to the Pest Control Products Board, there are 247 active ingredients registered in 699 products for horticultural use in Kenya.
The active ingredient glyphosate, found to be carcinogenic, for example, is registered in 39 products by 22 companies.
The groups noted that some of the products registered in Kenya have been withdrawn from the European, Chinese and Indian markets.
"The level of exposure to this toxicity is therefore on all and sundry. Residues are found everywhere - in our food, our drinking water, in the rain and in the air and thus the call for immediate action," said Kiarii.
In 2018, Kenya imported 17,803 tonnes of pesticides valued at 12.8 billion shillings (125million U.S. dollars). These pesticides are an assortment of insecticides, fungicides, herbicides, fumigants, rodenticides, growth regulators, defoliators, proteins, surfactants and wetting agents.
Cancer is the third leading cause of deaths and second among non-communicable diseases in Kenya, according to the Ministry of Health. Annual new cases stand at 40,000 with mortality estimated at over 32,987.