UNITED NATIONS, July 28 (Xinhua) -- UN Undersecretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs Mark Lowcock on Tuesday warned that the humanitarian crisis in Yemen has never been worse.
"Famine is again on the horizon. Conflict is again escalating. The economy is again in tatters. Humanitarian agencies are again nearly broke," Lowcock told the Security Council in a briefing. "And then the new problems: COVID-19 is spreading out of control, and we have the sorry saga of the Safer tanker."
Lowcock warned that funding for the aid operations in Yemen is on the verge of collapse.
The United Nations and partners used to provide food to 13 million hungry people every month in Yemen. Because of funding cuts, only 5 million of those people are still getting full rations. Eight million have had their rations cut in half. Similar cuts are affecting millions of people who rely on aid for water, health care and other needs, he said.
Aid organizations have so far received about 18 percent of what is needed for this year's humanitarian response plan, he said.
Yemen's economy is in free fall with rising prices and fuel shortages, said Lowcock.
When the risk of famine was the greatest in late 2018, the exchange rate had fallen to 800 Yemeni rials to the U.S. dollar. On its current trajectory, economists predict the value of the rial will drop to 1,000 to the dollar in the coming months. Already in some areas, the rate has been well above 700 rials for weeks, he noted.
The exchange rate is one of the major determinants of the price of food and other commodities -- nearly all of which are imported. In other words, as the rial collapses, fewer people will eat, he said.
Fuel is another key determinant of basic commodity prices. Fuel is needed to distribute goods around the country, pump drinking water and power basic services. In June, only 8,100 metric tons of commercial fuel imports reached Hodeidah, by far the lowest amount ever recorded, said Lowcock. Enditem