UNITED NATIONS, Dec. 13 (Xinhua) -- A UN General Assembly resolution adopted on Thursday called for better nutrition, particularly for women and children.
The resolution, "Global Health and Foreign Policy: a Healthier World Through Better Nutrition," urges member states to put into practice a comprehensive implementation plan on maternal, infant and young child nutrition.
It encourages member states to protect and promote adequate nutrition for women, girls and infants, especially during pregnancy and lactation, when the nutritional requirements are increased, with special attention to the first 1,000 days, from the start of pregnancy to the age of two years.
It asks to promote and support adequate care and feeding practices, including exclusive breastfeeding during the first six months and continued breastfeeding until the age of 2 years and beyond, with appropriate complementary feeding.
It calls on member states to consider ratifying and implementing the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which recognizes the right of the child to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health.
The resolution recalls that undernutrition hinders individuals, particularly women, children and older persons, from reaching their full potential, and urges member states to take urgent action to address the unacceptably high levels of child stunting and the growing rates of undernourishment and overweight and obesity, which have a deleterious impact on social and economic development.
More broadly, the resolution calls on member states to reinforce actions toward the improvement of nutrition, health conditions and living standards of populations around the globe as a key element of strategies for the eradication of all forms of malnutrition and poverty, as well as the promotion of sustainable development.
It calls on member states to address hunger and malnutrition in all its forms as an issue that affects all nations, while acknowledging that wide inequalities exist in nutritional status, exposure to risk and nutritional intake, within and among countries, particularly in developing countries.
It urges member states to promote food security and food safety, adequate nutrition and sustainable, resilient and diverse nutrition-sensitive food systems as central elements for healthier populations and as a fundamental tool to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals.
It reaffirms the importance of the availability, access and affordability of food that is adequate both in quantity and in quality to promote proper nutrition in contexts of humanitarian emergencies, in order to avoid hunger and to preserve and promote the health of affected populations.
The resolution calls on member states to promote, enhance and support sustainable agriculture and to boost international cooperation to facilitate trade in agricultural products.