The collapse of INF Treaty, a historic bilateral nuclear arms control pact signed by the U.S. and the Soviet Union back in 1987, raises fears of a new arms race.
BERLIN, Aug. 2 (Xinhua) -- German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas has warned that the expiry of INF Treaty between the United States and Moscow could result in a new nuclear arms race.
In a statement released by the German Foreign Ministry on Thursday night, Maas said the expiry of INF Treaty on Friday meant Europe was "losing part of its security."
France's President Emmanuel Macron(2nd R) called for European defense cooperation ahead of a traditional military parade celebrating the country's annual Bastille Day on July 14, 2019.(Xinhua/Jack Chan)
Signed in 1987 by then U.S. President Ronald Regan and former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, the landmark arms control agreement banned medium-range land-based missiles with the range between 500 km to 5,500 km.
"I am convinced that today we must again succeed in agreeing with rules on disarmament and arms control in order to prevent a new nuclear arms race," said Maas, who appeared to blame Russia for the treaty's collapse: "We regret that Russia failed to do what was necessary to save the INF treaty."
Maas called on Washington and Moscow to safeguard the New START treaty signed in 2010 to curb strategic nuclear missiles. He also said Germany would use the EU presidency next year to push ahead with an initiative for new forms of arms control.
The 9M728 missile container (front) and the 9M729 (back) missile container are demonstrated at the Patriot Congress and Exhibition Center, outside Moscow, Russia, on Jan. 23, 2019. Senior Russian officials said the Russian 9M729 land-based cruise missile, contrary to the allegations of the United States, does not fall under the INF Treaty. (Xinhua/Bai Xueqi)
Washington has alleged Russia's 9M729 missile is capable of breaching the range limit stipulated in the agreement. Russia has denied the charge and accused the U.S. of wanting to pursue a new arms race.
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced on Feb. 1, 2019 that the United States is withdrawing from the INF Treaty, citing Russia's violation of the deal, a move seen as exacerbating the risk of an international arms race. (Xinhua/Liu Jie)
In February, the United States announced that it would terminate the pact after six months due to Russia' long-time violation, and shortly later Moscow also announced to end it.