BEIJING, Jan. 5 (Xinhua) -- China has reduced poverty by more than two-thirds over the past five years, a senior poverty alleviation official said Friday.
There were around 30 million Chinese living below the national poverty line at the end of last year, compared with 98.99 million in 2012, Liu Yongfu, director of the State Council Leading Group Office of Poverty Alleviation and Development, said at a press conference.
"We are closer to the goal of eradicating absolute poverty," Liu said.
China is aiming to eliminate absolute poverty by 2020 in a bid to create a "moderately prosperous society."
Decisive progress has been made. With 28 counties casting off poverty in 2016, China shortened its list of poorest counties for the first time in more than 30 years, Liu said, predicting the number would rise to around 100 in 2017.
A county can be removed from the list if no more than 2 percent of its residents earn less than 2,300 yuan (around 350 U.S. dollars) at 2010 prices. In western regions, the threshold is 3 percent.
But Liu said that the task was still arduous, saying "to lift the remaining 30 percent of poor people out of poverty will be the toughest."
Policy makers have listed poverty alleviation as one of China's "three tough battles" for the next three years, along with risk prevention and pollution control. The year 2018 is a key year for the battle, Vice Premier Wang Yang said at a meeting last week, asking for improved policies and measures.