UNITED NATIONS, July 16 (Xinhua) -- UN envoy to Libya, Ghassan Salame, on Monday told the Security Council that efforts must be sustained to avoid further economic collapse in the country.
Despite "encouraging signs" on the political and humanitarian front, efforts must be sustained and intensified in Libya to avoid further "economic collapse, the breakdown of public services, and more frequent and intense outbreaks of violence," said Salame while briefing the Security Council by video-link from the capital Tripoli, on the situation in Libya and progress in implementing the UN Action Plan, unveiled during the General Assembly's session in September 2017, to support the country's recovery.
"For the first months of this year, Libya enjoyed relative quiet from military actions," Salame stated, highlighting that the number of civilians killed by military action was down to four in March and five in April.
"Regrettably, the last two months have been marked by military actions and violent developments," he added, noting that had exposed "frustrations with regards to the distribution of wealth and the endemic plundering of resources" across the country.
"Concerns remain over human rights abuses, including summary execution and extra-judiciary arrests," he added, reiterating the call for "all parties to the conflict to fully respect international humanitarian law, including by taking all feasible precautions to protect civilians."
Since armed conflict erupted in Libya in 2011, close to 200,000 have been internally displaced. Drawing attention to the dire humanitarian situation in Libya, he said that "the current situation of internally displaced people is unsustainable from both a political and financial standpoint, given the lack of available resources to support them. They should be given the right to integrate in their host communities, as efforts are made to facilitate their return."
Among encouraging developments cited by Salame was the holding of local elections in various localities thanks to the support of the UN on the ground; the re-establishment of the UN office in Tripoli and soon in Benghazi; and the launch of a consultative process to ensure the active participation of Libyans in the design of "the future of their nation."
"This bottom-up process is an integral part of the Action Plan," he explained. "It puts the Libyan people at the heart of the political process, whoever or wherever they may be. For many communities, this was the first time they had been actively engaged in the political process and consulted."
The special envoy said the consultations had "taught us that the Libyan people want clear and effective leadership by legitimate bodies, formed through elections," adding that "members of the House of Representatives should take notice. Libyans are demanding elections, and are becoming impatient with those who find multiple ways and means to postpone this moment."
"The status quo in Libya cannot be sustained," he concluded. "If we are to avert this and support the Libyan people to chart a course to the future they deserve, the unified support of this Council, member states involved in Libya and our partner regional organizations, is vital."